The cost and diagnostic yield of exome sequencing for children with suspected genetic disorders: a benchmarking study.

TitleThe cost and diagnostic yield of exome sequencing for children with suspected genetic disorders: a benchmarking study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsDragojlovic N, Elliott AM, Adam S, van Karnebeek C, Lehman A, Mwenifumbo JC, Nelson TN, Souich Cdu, Friedman JM, Lynd LD
JournalGenet Med
Date Published01/2018
ISSN1530-0366
Abstract

PurposeThis study aimed to generate benchmark estimates for the cost, diagnostic yield, and cost per positive diagnosis of diagnostic exome sequencing (ES) in heterogeneous pediatric patient populations and to illustrate how the design of an ES service can influence its cost and yield.MethodsA literature review and Monte Carlo simulations were used to generate benchmark estimates for singleton and trio ES. A cost model for the Clinical Assessment of the Utility of Sequencing and Evaluation as a Service (CAUSES) study, which is testing a proposed delivery model for diagnostic ES in British Columbia, is used to illustrate the potential effects of changing the service design.ResultsThe benchmark diagnostic yield was 34.3% (95% confidence interval (CI): 23.2-46.5) for trio ES and 26.5% (95% CI: 12.9-42.9) for singleton ES. The benchmark cost of delivery was C$6,437 (95% CI: $5,305-$7,704) in 2016 Canadian dollars (US$4,859; 4,391[euro ]) for trio ES and C$2,576 (95% CI: $1,993-$3,270) (US$1,944; 1,757[euro ]) for singleton ES. Scenario models for CAUSES suggest that alternative service designs could reduce costs but might lead to a higher cost per diagnosis due to lower yields.ConclusionBroad conclusions about the cost-effectiveness of ES should be drawn with caution when relying on studies that use cost or yield assumptions that lie at the extremes of the benchmark ranges.GENETICS in MEDICINE advance online publication, 4 January 2018; doi:10.1038/gim.2017.226.

DOI10.1038/gim.2017.226
Alternate JournalGenet. Med.
PubMed ID29300375