|Title||A systematic review of the adverse events and economic impact associated with oral corticosteroids in asthma.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Efraij KAl, Johnson KM, Wiebe D, Sadatsafavi M, J FitzGerald M|
BACKGROUND: Oral corticosteroids (OCSs) are often used to achieve asthma control. OCS-related comorbidities increase the burden of disease for patients and healthcare providers. Most studies characterizing OCS use and risk of adverse events (AEs) are in non-asthma patients. We sought to systematically review the literature on the burden of OCS use among adults with asthma.
METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature including MEDLINE (1946-May 2017), EMBASE (1974-May 2017), and the Cochrane Library (2005-May 2017) to identify studies that considered AEs due to OCS treatment of adults with asthma, their burden on healthcare utilization, and costs.
RESULTS: We retrieved 9,589 citations; and 15 studies were included. AEs were significantly higher among OCS-users compared with non-OCS users with pooled adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.68 (95% CI 1.15-2.46) for diabetes mellitus and 1.34 (95% CI 1.23-1.46) for hypertension. Among high dose OCS-users (>10 mg) compared with non-OCS users, the pooled adjusted ORs for development of any complication was 3.35 (95% CI 2.94-3.82), and bone and muscle complications 2.30 (95% CI 2.18-2.42). The risk of any complication increased with higher doses of OCS, with pooled adjusted OR from 2 studies of 2.26 (95% CI 1.37-3.72), 2.94 (95% CI 2.62-3.29) and 3.35 (95% CI 2.94-3.82) for low dose (<6 mg), medium dose (5-12 mg) and high dose (>10 mg) respectively compared with no OCS use.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of OCS in the management of asthma is associated with a higher risk of complications. This risk is higher as the OCS dose increases.
|Alternate Journal||J Asthma|